For Elders, Parents, other adults

Everyone in the community can play a part in preventing STIs and BBVs—elders, parents and carers, youth workers, teachers, community leaders, religious leaders—anyone who plays a role in supporting and guiding young people.

Providing support to young people in looking after their sexual health starts with:

  • being informed about the STIs and BBVs that are affecting our community
  • understanding the issues for young people especially in dealing with emerging sexuality, social issues, shame, stigma and fear of disclosing these issues. If you’re informed then you can help others.

Talking to young people about sexual health issues and sex and other related issues such as drug and alcohol use can be difficult. Young people often want advice or guidance but find it hard to ask due to shame, stigma or fear of being judged.

Or they may ask but you feel embarrassed yourself and don’t know how to keep the conversation going.

This section provides resources to assist elders, parents, youth workers, teachers and other community leaders to help prevent and lead efforts to fight stigma and shame that can prevent young people getting tested and treated for STIs and BBVs.

Factsheets

We have developed a series of factsheets outlining the facts and myths about the STIs and BBVs affecting young people in your communities– how they are transmitted, the symptoms, and information on testing.

The factsheets on each STI and BBV are available in two forms: a more basic information factsheet; and one with more detailed information.

You may be able to assist young people by:

  • Accessing these factsheets, and going through these with them at the same time answering any questions
  • Encouraging younger people aged 16–34 to have at least an annual test for STIs and the importance of looking after their own health their partners, and the communities health.

View the Factsheets

Animations

We’ve also made some very short animation videos — cartoon like videos — that explain the facts about STIs and HIV in a way that’s easy to understand.

Have a look at these videos — they may help break the ice for talking with young people about STIs and BBVs.

STI

All About Syphilis

HIV

PrEP: pre-exposure prophylaxis

Infographics

We’ve produced a whole range of infographics on STIs and BBVs. These can be used in social media, in health promotion, in community education sessions, as printed posters, or in presentations. Each infographic has simple messages about STIs and BBVs. Feel free to download the PDFs and use them freely.

Sex and the law

Laws covering the age young people can legally consent to having sex differ between states and territories. There are also laws about sexting which young people should know about. Helping young people understand this is an important role of elders, parents and other adults. The factsheets here outline laws, and services that can provide information, advice and assistance in this matter:

Support and referral resources

We’ve found some great resources that provide tips on talking to young people about sex, safe sexual practices and STI/BBV symptom recognition — all in the context of sexual health and respectful sexual relationships. These include resources providing information and referrals for supporting young people in remote communities who are dealing with issues regarding sex, sexuality and sexual health. These may be useful in school environments or other settings where young people are receiving education.

Yarning with young people

Yarning Quiet Ways

Yarning Quiet Ways is a resource developed for Aboriginal mums, dads and carers to help kids learn about strong, safe and healthy relationships.

Let’s Yarn!

Let’s Yarn!  has been developed to assist educators, parents and health professionals to talk with young Aboriginal people about ways of building strong, safe and healthy relationships. The website brings together useful resources developed by WA Health and other government and non-government agencies around Australia.

Yarning On

Yarning On is a program run by SHine South Australia which provides resources, training and ongoing support for community sector workers and schools. The program provides:

  • training to increase Aboriginal workers’ understanding of STIs, and enhance confidence when working with clients and colleagues in the area of sexual and reproductive health and relationships
  • training and curriculum resources for the teaching of relationships and sexual health in Aboriginal / Anangu schools, and schools that have high numbers of Aboriginal students
  • training for Aboriginal support staff who play a role in connecting families and parents with the school system, and often have to address relationships and sexual health issues in their work with students.

Hepatitis B Story

The Hepatitis B Story, developed by Menzies School of Health Research, is a visual, interactive app in English and Yolŋu matha designed for patients living with chronic hepatitis B (hep B) and their families. It tells the story of the hep B virus, how you get it, what happens over time, how you know you have it as well as details about immunisation and treatment (including a game). There is also a separate women’s section dealing with mother to child transmission and ways to prevent it.

HIV and Stigma in Australia: A Guide for Religious Leaders

HIV and Stigma in Australia: A Guide for Religious Leaders, a booklet produced by the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, emphasises the role that religious leaders and members of faith based communities can play in reducing community taboos associated with discussing sex and sexual health. The Guide provides links to useful resources and makes suggestions about how faith-based communities can address stigma, both from within the community and from the broader Australian community. Download the Guide.

Us Mob and HIV

Us Mob and HIV is a booklet designed to increase Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s understanding of HIV. The booklet provides introductory information about HIV, transmission and prevention, HIV testing, HIV treatments, health monitoring and care and support needs, as well as contact details for servicesDownload the booklet.

Condoman

The Condoman campaign was developed in the late eighties as a culturally based sexual health resource for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Condoman is now an iconic figure and his message “Don’t Be Shame Be Game” has reached generations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Condoman was relaunched in 2009 by the QuAC / 2 Spirits Project, and he now works with his sidekick Lubelicious.
See the Condoman website.

2 Spirits

The 2 Spirits program covers the entire state of Queensland, promoting the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander gay men and sistergirl communities through sexual health promotion, campaigns, community outreach, education workshops, support and referrals. See the 2 Spirits Facebook page.

Having the Hard Yarn in Napranum

Video developed by health workers to assist in having the hard yarn with pregnant mums and partners about STIs. Also covers smoking in pregnancy, alcohol and domestic violence. Stars members of Napranum community. Watch the video.

Nuts and Bolts of Sexual Health

Course (in Perth) designed for workers in the youth sector, including Aboriginal health workers, AIEOs, SEWB workers and other mental health workers, AOD workers, peer educators and health promotion workers. Designed to develop the core knowledge, attitudes and skills required to have conversations with young people about respectful relationships and sexual health issues, and providing information and support. See the website for more information.

You May Have Caught an Infection—please come for a check up

Poster to explain contact tracing, highlighting that clinic health workers can assist and that the clinic will respect privacy. (Queensland specific). View the full poster in PDF.

All you need to know about…

A series of videos outlining symptoms, testing and treatment for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia. View the videos.

ATSIHIV.org.au

Resource on HIV for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and community services across Australia, providing accessible information on HIV transmission, prevention and treatment. It explains recent developments in HIV prevention and treatment, and the importance of fighting the shame and stigma associated with HIV and STIs. The website is also intended to support health professionals and educators, with information on latest data on HIV among Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander communities, key research projects, and links to useful online resources. View the website.

Big Shame

This DVD depicts a story about child sexual assault for services that have Aboriginal workers and people working with Aboriginal communities. View information about the DVD.

Doin ‘IT’ Right!

Kit for health professionals and community workers working in sexual health education with Aboriginal young people. Download the kit.

Teacher Support

Growing and developing healthy relationships

A website providing resources for teachers to design and implement a program on developing healthy relationships and social and emotional health, including sexuality. Visit the website.

Getting tested and getting support

Better to know

A website for young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women providing information on STIs, HIV, testing and treatment — in two sections, Men’s Business and Women’s Business. Site users can receive SMS or email reminders to have a sexual health check. The site is also a practical tool for clinical staff and counsellors in Aboriginal health services, sexual health centres and general practice to assist patients in partner notification. Users can use the site to notify recent sexual partners that they may be at risk of having an STI and encourage them to have a sexual health check. The notification can be made anonymously. View the website.

all good

The allgood website includes information, resources and service directories on STIs and BBVs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It includes a ‘find a service tab’ to find a local doctor, clinic or a testing centre that provides STI and BBV testing. The website also includes links to local support services.